Have you spilt something? Is there a stain on your upholstery, furniture, tablecloth, clothes or carpeting? Here you will find a list of the most common stains and how to remove them.

Before cleaning!

Important: Before you start cleaning, try to remove most of the excess substance or dab it away. To prevent the stain spreading whilst cleaning, start cleaning circularly from the outside and work inwards. Do not rub or wipe. Always do a test patch on a hidden spot, as each material reacts differently. If in doubt please go to a professional cleaner.


Soak a soft cloth in a mild detergent and in lukewarm water and wipe the stain.

Alternatively: wipe with lukewarm water and alcohol.


Soak the stain immediately in cold water. Then treat the spot with a cloth soaked in a mild detergent and warm water. Alternatively: apply slightly moistened wheat starch, brush it and then wipe with soapy water. Dab non-genuine fabrics with salt water and then wash with lukewarm soapy water.


Vacuum pollen or take up with adhesive tape. Do not rub.

Coloured pencils:

Dab stains made by coloured pencils with white spirit and then treat with a stain remover.


Soak a cloth in benzene or stain water. Wipe the stain with it. Alternatively, use soapy water or household ammonia.

Coca Cola:

Soak a cloth in lukewarm water with a mild detergent and then wipe the stain.

Creams / Ointments

Dampen the affected spots with a cloth. If necessary, treat them afterwards with a fat-dissolving stain remover such as benzine.

Printing ink:

Use white spirit or mild soapy water.


Let the stain soak in cold water and a mild detergent. Treat the stain afterwards with a cloth dampened in lukewarm water and a mild detergent.

Egg yolk:

Use lukewarm soapy water and a 3%-hydrogen peroxide.


Use lukewarm water only.

Egg white:

Let the stain soak in cold water and a mild detergent. Treat the stain afterwards with a cloth dampened in lukewarm water and a mild detergent. Alternatively, use cold water mixed with a small amount of household ammonia.


Take the excess off and then use a mild detergent and vacuum cleaner.


Soak a cloth in benzine or stain water. Wipe the stain off. Then wash the fabric at the highest recommended temperature. For non washable fabrics, put flour or talcum powder on the stain and let it work before brushing it off . Alternatively use benzine, household ammonia or warm soapy water.


Treat with alcohol or acetone, except on synthetic fibres.

Fly spots:

Wipe the stains with lukewarm water and vinegar.


Immediately wash fruit stains. On stubborn stains, apply a paste of detergent and let it work. Wash as usual.


Apply lukewarm water and mild detergent to a cloth and wipe the stain clean.

Alternatively, use hot water, household ammonia or hydrogen peroxide.


First, dampen the stain with alcohol or white spirit. Then dab the stain with ox-gall soap or a liquid detergent before washing as usual. Important: the stain should not come into contact with water, as it will become more persistent. Alternatively, apply white spirit first, and then wash out with water.

Hair dye:

Remove with alcohol, treat white parts with Javelle water and rinse well. Hair dye is, in most cases, not removable from silk or wool.


Lukewarm water with soda.

Discolouration of denim:

Rub discolouration with lukewarm water and a micro fibre cloth. Water with a mild detergent may also work.


Let the stain dry and then brush away. Wash the remaining stain out with water and soap or with benzine.


If with milk, rinse the fabric at first with cold water. Then soaked soapy water and a bleaching agent before you washing as usual. Alternatively, dab with glycerine and wipe with cold water.


Wipe the stain with a lukewarm, damp cloth and a mild detergent. Alternatively, dab with glycerine and wipe with cold water.

Chewing gum:

Freeze the spot with a chewing gum freezing spray. Then knock off the residue and treat the spots afterwards with benzine.

Candle wax:

Carefully scrape off the wax from the surface with a blunt object. Then apply blotting or kitchen paper onto the fabric and iron so the remaining wax is extracted from the fabric. Iron at the lowest temperature. Wash fabric as usual. Alternatively, scrape off wax and wash with soapy water.

Tomato sauce:

Soak a cloth in water mixed with vinegar or household ammonia and wipe the affected area.

Biro / ballpoint pen:

Clean with pure alcohol, soapy water, white spirit or household ammonia. Let old stains soak in a cleansing solution in advance.


Use hot water or benzine.


Dab the stain with alcohol and wash the fabric afterwards according to the care instructions on the fabric label.


Dab with warm or soapy water. Eventually dab with alcohol.


Dab with a mild detergent. If necessary, treat afterwards with spirit/water.


Cold water and soap. Use benzine on silk only.

Nail polish:

Soak a cloth in an oil free nail polish remover and treat the stain from the reverse side. Alternatively, use lukewarm water.


Firstly use household ammonia, then glycerine, then wipe with spirit.


Wash the stains with a mild detergent. Stains should be treated afterwards with citric acid.


Warm soapy water (in case of cooking oil) or turpentine.


Take off with warm glycerine.


Let the stain dry and then brush away. Wash the remaining stain out with water and soap or with benzine.


Dab with alcohol or with benzine.


Dab with lemon juice and wash out.

Red wine:

Soak excess liquid into a cloth. Then spread salt over the affected area immediately or dab the area with carbonated water. Leave salt on the area for approximately 30 minutes as it draws excess liquid out of the fabric. After this wipe the stain with a cloth soaked in a detergent solution containing bleach. Then rinse with cold water as usual. Alternatively, scatter with salt, rinse well and put into butter milk.


Use soap or white spirit. Do not rub.


Soak thoroughly in butter milk and rinse well.


Scrape the chocolate off the surface with a blunt object. Rub the stain with a cloth soaked in warm soapy water. Then rinse the spot affected with cold water and wash as usual.

Shoe polish:

Dab the stain with a cloth soaked in turpentine. Then wash the fabric according to the normal care instructions.


Dab off with vinegar or diluted household ammonia.


Soak a cloth in vinegar water or household ammonia water and rub the stain away.


Wipe the spot affected with a cloth soaked in warm water and a mild detergent.


Stains from sperm can normally be removed with lukewarm water (not hot because of the coagulation) without any problems. Sperm contains a high percentage of proteins that can be very gently removed with products containing enzymes. Therefore we recommend for sensitive fabrics using a mild detergent.


Wipe with a raw potato. Then rinse with warm, soapy water.


Wipe the fabric with a cloth soaked in benzine or stain water. Then wipe the area with a mild detergent.


Use hot water with some glycerine.


Remove with lukewarm soapy water or with water and a small drop of household ammonia or diluted white spirit. Let older stains soak in warm soapy water with a splash of hydrogen peroxide.


Dissolve soda in lukewarm water. Soak a cloth in this solution and wipe the stain with it. Then treat the stain with cold water and wash the fabric immediately.

Soak dried stains in a detergent solution before washing the fabric as usual. Alternatively use soapy water.


Immerse in cold water until the wax stiffens. Break the hardened wax stain into small pieces and remove. Iron the remaining wax with absorbent blotting or kitchen paper. Treat afterwards with turpentine, alcohol or benzine.


Immediately wash with warm or hot water or with salt water. You can also spread salt on the stain and wash it in soapy water or treat it with alcohol. Alternatively, let the stain soak in warm milk and then rinse with warm water or a splash of vinegar.


Simply rinse with lukewarm or hot water.


Rinse in warm or hot water.